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Celtic Mythology Irish Mythology The Partholonians Kelpies


In Celtic mythology the Partholonians were the second group of people to settle in Ireland, but they were the first to arrive after the biblical Flood. Not much was written about these people. Partholonians were said to have come to Ireland from the west, from the Land of the Dead. The Partholonians arrived 312 years after Cesair and her followers.

The Partholonians were named after their leader Partholon, son of Sera, who was the king of Greece. Partholon fled from Greece, after murdering his own father and mother. Partholon had lost his left eye in the attack on his parents. Accompanied with his wife Dealgnaid and a group of followers, they reached Ireland after wandering for seven years.

On the fourteenth day of May (a Tuesday), Partholon is said to have landed at Kenmare in West Kerry. He brought with him his wife and their three sons and their wives, and a host of a thousand along with them. They settled for a while on an island in the middle of Lough Erne, which they called Saimher after a lap-dog that Partholon had killed out of jealousy of his wife.

It seems that Partholon's wife had had an affair with her attendant Todhga and made no apology for it. Saying: O Partholon, is it possible for a woman to be near honey, or a child next to new milk, or a cat smell fresh meat, or a workman see sharp tools, or a man and woman be close in private, without meddling the one with the other? and in anger Partholon killed her little dog Saimher. This is recounted as the first jealousy in Ireland.

They encountered the Fomorians, whom they fought in battle. The Partholonians managed to defeat and drive the Fomorians from Ireland.

However, Partholon died, after 30 years in Ireland. The rest of the Partholonians died 120 years later from pestilence.

This plague took hold and laid waste to five thousand men and four thousand women in one week in the month of May.

The survivors were killed by Nemed.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia licensed under GNU free documentation license.


Suggested Reading

Early Irish Myths and Sagas
by Jeffrey Gantz

Celtic Myths and Legends
by: T. W. Rolleston
Book Description:
Masterful retelling of Irish and Welsh stories and tales of the Ultonian and Ossianic cycles, the voyage of Maeldun, and the myths and tales of the Cymry (Welsh). Favorite and familiar stories of Cuchulain, King Arthur, Deirdre, the Grail, many more.



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